Atomic Beauty Clinic

best beauty clinic in Varanasi
Acne: Types, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Acne: Types, Causes, Treatment & Prevention


Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide, causing not only physical discomfort but also emotional distress. At Atomic Clinic, Varanasi, we understand the impact acne can have on an individual’s self-esteem and overall well-being. In this blog, we will delve into the different types of acne, explore its causes, discuss available treatments, and provide preventive measures to help you achieve clear and healthy skin.

Types of Acne – Acne can manifest in various forms, including:

  1. Whiteheads and Blackheads: These are non-inflammatory types of acne caused by clogged hair follicles. Whiteheads appear as small white bumps, while blackheads have a dark appearance due to oxidized sebum.
  2. Papules and Pustules: These are inflammatory acne lesions characterized by redness, swelling, and tenderness. Papules are small, raised bumps, whereas pustules contain pus at their centers.
  3. Nodules and Cysts: These severe forms of acne are deeper within the skin and often result in painful, large, and persistent bumps. Nodules are hard and can lead to scarring, while cysts are filled with pus and require immediate medical attention.

Causes of Acne – Several factors contribute to the development of acne, including:

  1. Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly during puberty, menstrual cycles, or hormonal disorders, can trigger acne breakouts.
  2. Excess Sebum Production: The overproduction of sebum, an oily substance that helps lubricate the skin, can clog hair follicles and lead to acne formation.
  3. Bacterial Infection: The presence of Propionibacterium acnes, a bacterium that resides on the skin, can contribute to inflammation and the development of acne.

Treatment Options – At Atomic Clinic, we offer advanced and personalized acne treatments, which may include:

  1. Topical Medications: Prescription creams, gels, or lotions containing ingredients like retinoids, antibiotics, or benzoyl peroxide can help unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and kill bacteria.
  2. Oral Medications: In certain cases, oral antibiotics, hormonal therapies, or isotretinoin may be prescribed to control acne.
  3. Procedures: Chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or laser therapy can be utilized to promote skin exfoliation, reduce oil production, and improve acne scars.

Prevention Tips – To minimize the occurrence of acne breakouts, consider the following preventive measures:

  1. Maintain a Consistent Skincare Routine: Cleanse your face twice daily, avoid harsh scrubbing, and use non-comedogenic products.
  2. Avoid Touching Your Face: Touching your face can transfer bacteria and oil to the skin, exacerbating acne.
  3. Eat a Balanced Diet: Limit your intake of greasy, sugary, and processed foods, and include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your diet.
  4. Manage Stress: Stress can trigger hormonal imbalances that contribute to acne. Engage in stress-relieving activities like exercise, meditation, or yoga.


At Atomic Clinic, Varanasi, we understand the impact of acne on your confidence and overall well-being. By understanding the types, causes, available treatments, and preventive measures, you can take proactive steps towards achieving clear and healthy skin. Consult with Dr. Sneha Gupta, our chief expert specializing in aesthetics and holistic care, to develop a personalized acne treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. Remember, with the right approach, acne can be effectively managed, allowing you to embrace your natural beauty with confidence.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *